A call detail record (CDR) is a data collected by telephone operators. It contains a sender, a receiver, a timestamp and the duration in case of a call. It is usually aggregated for customer’s privacy matter. The CDR we use for this analysis is a public dataset collected in the region of Milan in Italy. The dataset is available on Kaggle and called mobile phone activity. The CDR is pretty rich in information. The analysis in this post is based on the sms traffic. The data we use is then: the emitting antenna identifier, the receiving country and call counts. The goal of the analysis is to group antennas because their originating calls are similarly distributed over countries and - simultaneously - group countries because the received calls are distributed over the same antennas. This is called co-clustering. To do so, will first use a method based on information theory and define a set of measures to understand and visualize the results. Then, we will link the information theory to bayesian modeling, showing the benefits and difficulties using such an approach.
This notebook introduces how to implement the NLP technique, so-called word2vec, using Pytorch. The main goal of word2vec is to build a word embedding, i.e a latent and semantic free representation of words in a continuous space. To do so, this approach exploits a shallow neural network with 2 layers. This tutorial explains:
- how to generate the dataset suited for word2vec
- how to build the neural network
- how to speed up the approach
Percentage is one of the most common mathematical concept. At this time of world cup, a poll has been conducted to evaluate the football enthusiasm of the population of France. It appeared that 64% of surveyed people declared planning to watch the games and they were right (edit July 15th, 2018). This percentage has a confidence attached to it. The bigger the confidence, the more accurate the percentage and the more it can be generalized to the overall population. This confidence is seldom mentioned in the news. The goal of this tutorial is to show how to assess whether a percentage or a probability has been correctly estimated and how big the confidence interval is. Let’s use the example of the poll on football as an illustration.